Vegetation map of the National Park “Belovezhskaya Pushcha”: creation and practical use experience


D. G. Grummo, R. V. Tsvirko, N. A. Zeliankevich, E. Y. Kulikova , O. V. Sozinov


DOI: https://doi.org/10.31111/geobotmap/2019.18


Annotation

In 2013–2018 studies of phytocoenotic diversity were carried out in the territory of the National Park “Belovezhskaya Pushcha” (Belarus). As a result, a classification scheme of vegetation was developed based on the floristic approach (Braun-Blanquet method) and a large-scale (1 : 100 000) geobotanical map was made. The map is compiled on the basis of the field data, analysis of remote sensing data, literary and cartographic sources, land and forest inventory materials.

The compilation of this geobotanical map was consisted of 4 stages.

1) The pre-field (cameral) stage included: collection of archive data about the investigated territory, selection of space imagery, primary processing of digital images and data visualization, interpretation, automatic non-controlled classification, preliminary map compilation.

2) Field studies provided for surface interpretation of vegetation based on satellite imagery.In total, 1851 complete geobotanical relevés were made during field studies, including 743 forest, 452 mire, 576 meadow, segetal and ruderal plant communities.

3) The post-field (cameral) stage, including the preparation of the cartographic base; the systematization of field materials; the development of the final legend; the systematization of image standards for creating cartographic models; the controlled classification of images with preliminary segmentation by the method of superpixels (SNIC-Simple Non-Iterative Clustering); assessment reliability of classification results; geometric and geographical generalization; making an original map.

4) Field check (verification) of geobotanical map. During the 2018 field season a vegetation map of the protected area was checked with the compilation of the final reliability protocol.

The main unit of the map legend, a syntaxon of the floristic classification of vegetation, is the association, however, along with the association, to display the typology of the vegetation cover, syntaxons of as a higher hierarchical rank (union) and lower (options, facies), as well as rankless communities are used. In establishing the names of associations and subassociations and in comparative analysis various regional works were taken into account (Matuszkiewicz, Matuszkiewicz, 1954; Czerwiński, 1978; Faliński, 1991, 1994а, b; Kwiatkowski, 1994; Bulokhov, Solomeshch, 2003; Semenischenkov, 2014; Lądowe ekosystemy…, 2016; Dubyna et al., 2019;).

In the legend, the mapped units reflecting the restoration stages of the association are marked with letter indices. Heterogeneous areas consisting of regularly and repeatedly alternating plant communities are presented on the map as complexes (phytocoenoses-complex).

In total, the map legend contains 75 mapped vegetation units, including forest — 40, shrub — 4, mire — 13, meadow and wasteland — 11, ruderal and segetal vegetation — 6, deforestation and disturbed forest habitats — 1. Separate units reflect other lands (water, residential development, etc.)

The practical application of the geobotanical map for identifying key (important for biodiversity conservation) habitats and developing a science-based approach to the functional zoning of protected areas is shown.


Key words: vegetation map, Belovezhskaya Pushcha, floristic classification, controlled classification of images, image segmentation, key habitats


Section: Articles


How to cite

Grummo D. G., Tsvirko R. V., Zeliankevich N. A., Kulikova E. Y., Sozinov O. V. 2019. Vegetation map of the National Park “Belovezhskaya Pushcha”: creation and practical use experience // Geobotanical mapping 2019. St. Petersburg. P. 18–38. https://doi.org/10.31111/geobotmap/2019.18


Received November 7 2019


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