A new species of Physarum (Myxomycetes) from Christmas Island (Australia)


S. L. Stephenson, Yu. K. Novozhilov, I. S. Prikhodko


DOI: https://doi.org/10.31111/nsnr/2020.54.2.397


Abstract

A new species of Physarum (Myxomycetes), described herein as P. australiense, appeared on a sample of aerial litter in a moist chamber culture prepared as part of a survey of the myxomycetes of Christmas Island in the Indian Ocean. The morphology of representative sporocarps was examined by light and scanning electron microscopy, and micrographs of relevant morphological details of sporocarps and spores are provided. The species is characterized by distinct and unique morphological features, including brownish-red lime knobs or large squamae on the surface of the single layered peridium, a limeless brittle, black stalk, a large clavate columella that attains the center of the sporotheca, and a capillitium with large white angular or rod-like nodes. The combination of these characteristics makes P. australiense a well-defined morphospecies when compared to all other species of Physarum. In addition to the morphological description, partial sequences of three genetic markers of this new species (SSU, EF1α, and COI) were obtained and submitted to GenBank. Phylogeny, based on the small ribosomal subunit gene (SSU), indicates an affinity of the new species with P. bogoriense and P. hongkongense.


Key words: Amoebozoa, Myxogastria, fungi-like protists, molecular phylogeny, slime molds, taxonomy, Australia


Section: Fungi


How to cite

Stephenson S. L., Novozhilov Yu. K., Prikhodko I. S. 2020. A new species of Physarum (Myxomycetes) from Christmas Island (Australia). Novosti sistematiki nizshikh rastenii 54(2): 397–404. https://doi.org/10.31111/nsnr/2020.54.2.397


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Supplementary materials

Supplement 1. The list of sporocarp specimens used for DNA extraction and sequencing to obtain the gene tree.
NSNR_2020_54(2)_Stephenson_et_al_Supplement1

Supplement 2. SSU rDNA gene tree.
NSNR_2020_54(2)_Stephenson_et_al_Supplement2